Short Assignment 1: Obama and Loans (8)

Today, President Obama spoke to a group of college students in North Carolina, and spoke about his student loan experience. By drawing on his past stories about college, he developed a connection with the student public, gaining more authority than he already has a president. With elections coming up, Barack Obama is attempting to gain the student vote by reaching out to them and establishing a connection with the students in America. He emphasized is middle-class status as a college student which farther established his authority as he is a clear explain of how anyone can have the “American Dream” if they work hard enough for it.



Whether we are aware of it or not, we are constantly joining new publics and abandoning old ones when necessary. Publics allow people from different backgrounds (or not) to come together to construct a community with identical views on a specific topic. Publics allow people to feel as if they are apart of something bigger than themselves. We are constantly attempting to find ourselves and our identity. By public hopping, we are able to see what we like and what we feel strongly about. Publics and identities are constructed through the means of people communicating and finding things they have in common with someone else. The readings from this semester has helped me realize that whether you are part of the public or not, orators are always addressing a certain group in mind, whether it be a counterpublic or a public. Having the idea of publics and counterpublics in mind allows us to better communicate our ideas and our feelings for a certain topic. Because we find comfort in knowing that we belong to a certain group, publics allow us to have this feeling of belonging and needed. Not everyone is part of the same publics and counterpublics, so the diversity in backgrounds and publics helps us as a society grow and address issues we may not see otherwise. Overall, publics allow us the ability to communicate with our society on a deeper level as well as the ability to communicate what we find is important and worth talking about.


Coping with Stress in College: A book review

Every year, millions of high school graduates spend the summer before their fall semester of college, preparing to take on a new phase in their lives. Many must tract hundreds of miles away from home to get the education they want or find a job to help pay for the constantly raising tuition fee. With this new phase in life comes added stress of having to deal with a new environment with double the course load of high school classes and added responsibility. While many turn to friends and family for advice, others resort to reading books on the subject of stress and how one should deal with it when starting on their college journey.

Coping with Stress in College by Mark Rowh presents the idea of stress and provides strategies to help students eliminate unnecessary stress that occurs when starting a new chapter in one’s life. The author systematically approaches the topic by first addressing the definition of stress and then addressing how to overcome different forms of stress. In the Foreword of the book, David C. Spendlove, a professor at University of Utah School of Medicine, sums up Rowh’s purpose for writing the book. Because this is the “first real venture into the worlds of adults” for many high school graduates, “stress can cause serious problems.”  In today’s society, “success in college is widely seen as a requirement for a worthwhile career” and therefore, it’s necessary to address the issue of stress (Rowh, ix). By using quotations from qualified specialists and professors, Rowh establishes his credibility and authority over the subject. He uses dogmatism to convince his audience of high schoolers and possibly college students that stress is inevitable when it comes to college, and by using every day jargon to present his argument to his audience, he establishes a connection with his public. With more and more employers looking for better qualified employees, it’s no wonder that students today must deal with more stress than ever before. Rowh presents this subject in an organized way and uses references, dogmatism, and daily jargon to help his audience make a smoother transition in to college life.

Throughout the book, Rowh uses quotes from different professors from various universities and public colleges as well as popular newspapers and scholarly books as support for his stance on the topic of how one should deal with stress. The author states that regardless of which kinds of pressures you’ll feel when first starting your college career, “you are virtually certain to experience stress (3).” In the sentence that follows, Rowh uses a quote from Dr. Sharon Rubin, the dean of the School of Liberal Arts at Salisbury State University which reaffirms Rowh’s original statement about stress and therefore, increases his authenticity on the subject at hand.  Along with Dr. Sharon Rubin, he also refers to James Worsham, a journalism professor from West Virginia, Dr. Sue Bruning, a professor from Kent State University as well as Nancy Slater of Columbia College. Along with using professors from several schools of higher education, Rowh also refers to New York Times and Stress without Distress by Hans Seyle, a “noted physician and stress expert (16).” Using a popular newspaper that has already established its credibility and is known by most Americans, the author gains more credibility for his ideas and stance on stress. By drawing on the credibility of prominent professors and publications, Rowh is able to establish his ground and persuade his audience in a more effective way.

While addressing different subtopics in his book, Rowh uses dogmatism to build his argument for the book. When talking about the different personalities in the “Your Stress Profile,” Rowh states that only two types of personalities exist, Type A or Type B. Refusing to acknowledge that people may not fit into these two types of personalities, Rowh narrows his scope and addresses those who fit the profile he believes exist. Also, Rowh paints professors from different regions of the country and backgrounds with the same brush when stating what they are looking for in student papers. This strategy of reducing his range helps him better present his argument.  By using dogmatism, Rowh is able to better address his audience and allows them to use the information present to make decisions to help reduce stress.

Along with using references and dogmatism, Rowh also uses every day jargon to establish a connection with his teenaged audience. The author refrains from using 5 syllable words to ensure that he reaches a wide range of teenagers. By uses common every day words such as “pressure,” “higher achievers,” “failure,” and many others, he is able to institute a connection with his public. Because most high schools tend to focus less on increasing their range of vocabulary, Rowh makes the extra effort to guarantee that his audience is able to comprehend his argument as simple as it may be.  He also makes references to popular movies among the high school public such as “Friday the 13th” to connect with the audience. By using every day jargon, Rowh is able to “talk” to his audience about an important issue and is assured that they will be able to understand.

While stress is a subject that all age groups must deal with, college students are more susceptible to stress due to the sudden change in environment and responsibility. By using quotes throughout Coping with Stress in College from well-known professors and specialists, he is able to build his credibility and gain the trust of his audience. By presenting his argument using dogmatism, he narrows the board topic and addresses issue involving stress that most college student must deal with. Mark Rowh also presents the idea of stress in a simple manner by using commonplace verbiage to help teens deal with stress when committing themselves to a journey of hardships. Overall, Rowh’s use of references, dogmatism, and every day jargon helps convince the audience of his authority on the subject and ensures that his argument is well perceived by his adolescent audience.

Works Cited

Rowh, Mark. “Coping with Stress in College: Everything Students Need to Know to Manage the Pressures of College Life.” New York: The College Board, 1989. Print.

Short Assignment 1: Obama Pushes for “Buffett Rule” (7)

Today, President Barrack Obama spoke in Boca Raton in regards to the Buffett Rule which calls for higher income Americans paying more money in federal taxes than those who earn less. The president talked about college education and stated that the law would not help us, but help the employers because it would allow them to have more educated employees who would be better trained to do the job the way it should be done. Obama was able to connect with his audience and help them see the benefits of passing this “Buffett Rule.” Due to the current view on the health bill the president is attempting to pass, he stated that investing in old people isn’t what makes us weak, but when “productivity goes to only a few” hurts our prosperity and that it starts from the bottom not the top. While talking to a college public, he was able to get his point across that by increasing taxes on those with higher income will provide more money for students as loans and just more money to reduce debt. He stated that “we should make college more affordable” which helped connect with his public and helped gain support from the college students in the audience. By alluding to veterans and providing health care for them with the extra money from this law, he was able to generate even more support. Overall, he clarified what the rule concerned and how it would help his country progress in the right direction.

Protection and Lorde

In her essay, Lorde states that the master’s tool “may allow us temporarily to beat him at his own game, but they will never enable us to bring about genuine change” and this is only threatening to women who find support only from their master (112). Because black women have for so long found homes in the homes of their master, it may be hard for them to actually bring about change because if something were to change that may be better in the future, it may also mean for them to lose the only shelther they know of. This need for protection from their master keeps them from fighting against the injustices they must deal with on a daily basis, and prevents any future change. Protection and speech which can be seen as a master’s tool are both used by the master as a way of showing that they care enough to provide them with tools, but at the same time, these tools are useless when it comes to changing their future. The master’s methodology may be useful for the master himself, but they do very little for the “slaves.” Master’s tools is used as a term to describe the various methods the master may use as well as the various tools of shelter he may provide, but when it comes to change, they are  nothing for the master’s servants.


Short Assignment 1: Santorum Suspending Campaign (6)

Today, Santorum suspended his campaign and addressed his public of supporters and nonsupporters about his decision of stepping down. Santorum used strong rhetoric to convince his audience that he would “continue to fight for Americans” and that he was not done fighting for the cause of returning values that Americans stand for. With this assertion, he also stated that the conservatives needed to “defeat Barrack Obama” in order to return  these values back to the country. With the use of rhetoric, his message that Obama is wrong for the country and lacks leadership skill came through very strongly. He made it clear that he would not stop fighting for the cause of conservatives even if people think it is “game over” for him.



Short Assignment 1: Romney V. Russia (5)

Tonight on CNN, Erin Burnett, the host of “Erin Burnett OutFront” mentioned the open mic incident involving the President and the Russian President. Obama commented that he would have “more flexibility” after the elections. Being the year of elections, Romney was quick to criticize the President and stated that Russia was the  “number one geopolitical foe.” Using strong rhetoric, Romney made his point that the President should not be negotiating with the strongest country in Europe. But Boehner quickly commented in regards on Romney’s comment, saying that we should not criticize the president while he is abroad. With elections only 8 months away, this incident with President Obama and Mitt Romney’s comment may come back to hurt both candidates (that is, if Romney wins the Republican nomination). With everyone questioning the President and what else he could be planning after the election that he does not want the American public to know, his credibility is deeply stained with skepticism. Romney’s comment may ruin his chances of winning the Republican nomination if he is seen as someone who can’t control what comes out of his month and thus, hurts the image of America and the President.